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Tumbling Lake Superior Rocks & Gemstones
Beach Combing & Rock Picking on
Lake Superior Beaches

Lake Superior Agate
Some of my polished "Easter Eggs" from Lake Superior

After countless hours combing Lake Superior beaches, I've accumulated hundreds, perhaps thousands, of rocks and potential gemstones. Only recently have I found the big prize, a lake superior agate, but I've managed to collect a number of very pretty specimens of other formations. Some of these are shown below.

As beach rock collectors know, viewed in the water, Lake Superior rocks are quite colorful. But after collected and the rocks dry, a rather drab transformation takes place. But hark, the color and lustre can rise again . . . with help from the skillful use of a rock tumbler.

Shown below are samples from my first batch, including illustrations of mistakes made during this apprenticeship!

arrow See more Agates and some advice on using tumbling pellets to tumble and polish agates.

Rock Tumbling with a Vibratory Tumbler
Stage 1: Roughing or Grinding

Lake Superior Rocks ready for tumbling< < < Here's some of the rocks prior to tumbling. After the first step of tumbling, many of the rocks shown in the photo to the left had to be set aside to be processed at a later date with another batch of rocks. Reason? Had difficulty interpreting the instructions from the tumbler manufacturer as well as from the "authoritative tumbling guide" my wife purchased. While I ran several 12-24 hour cycles, removing excess mud and adding water as appropriate, I didn't realize that the Silicon Carbide grit breaks down over time and thus the batch must be re-charged every 12 -24 hours with fresh grit (grit size 200). A tip I will try next time is get acquainted with the "feel" of the mud between my fingers when the grit is still working vs. how it feels when it has lost its abrasive power.

I also learned that at this first stage, called Grinding, that a Rotary Tumbler generally does a better job of shaping very rough rocks and rounding off sharper edges. But we shall see how my Vibratory Tumbler does when I use it correctly!

Lake Superior Rocks ready for tumbling

Here's a batch of rocks *after* the first tumbling stage: Grinding. Those that were not sufficiently smoothed were set aside to be processed at a later date. > > >

Stage 2: Smoothing-Sanding

My mistake at the first stage set me up to make another error at this stage. With my Vibratory Tumbler (Brand Name Lot-O-Tumbler), the process at this stage is very similar to stage 1, except a finer grit (600) of Silicon Carbide is used. My manufacturer instructions ordered 1/2 TEAspoon of 600 grit; the Tumbling Book said 1 1/2 to 2 TABLEspoons. Because my first mistake had me under processing my rocks, I decided to go with the Tumbling Book recommendation of 2 TABLEspoons.

Mistake #2. Here's why & what. The much finer 600 grit allows much more rock to rock contact during tumbling and this is especially so in a vibratory tumbler. So although my rocks were smoothed to the desired state at this stage, the more violent vibration action that occurred because of the excess amount of grit fractured some of my nicest specimens! Rock Tumbling Lake Superior Rocks

See the fractures in the examples to the right. > > >

So at this second stage of tumbling, if additional cycles are needed to achieve the dull glossy appearance sought, one needs to be cautious on the amount of grit to use in the recharge. Also on materials subject to fracture, additional water should be added to cushion the action.

**I recently had another explanation of the cause of these fractures from Tom Stockwell of UncleTom's Rock Shop. Tom thinks these can occur when the mix of rocks contains an improper ratio of small and larger rocks, particularly not enough smaller rocks in the mix. He recommended I try some commercial pellets that are about 3/8 inch diameter having them comprise about 2 lbs of the normal 4- 5 lb load. This will promote both cushion the rocks from more violent vibration plus obtain a more uniform roughing and polishing. Can't wait to try this out and will report on the results.

Stage 3: Polishing

Silicon Carbide is not used for final polishing. My tumbler came with Aluminum Oxide as the recommended polishing agent. There are also special polishing agents developed for rock tumbling. At this stage, I again encountered a difference between my manufacturer's recommendations and the Tumbling Book. This time I went with the manufacturer's more conservative 1/2 TEAspoon vs. the 1 1/2 TABLEspoon the book advised. I finally completed one stage without a casualty.

Rock Tumbling Lake Superior RocksHere's a couple of close-up shots of rocks from pre-tumbling to after polishing. Rock Tumbling Lake Superior RocksIn addition to having a nice lustre, the tumbling-polishing process brings out previously hidden tones in the rocks surface. Look closely at the blow-up versions and I think you'll see what I mean. > > >

A Few Favorites

None of these are Agates, but each is a one-of-kind "purty rock" that in the hands of a expert rock tumbler and stone cutter could've made a nice centerpiece in a handsome work of gemstone jewelry.

Rock Tumbling Lake Superior Rocks Rock Tumbling Lake Superior Rocks Rock Tumbling Lake Superior Rocks
Rock Tumbling Lake Superior Rocks Rock Tumbling Lake Superior Rocks  

A Good Father-Son Hobby

Tumbled Beach RocksRob Abram recently wrote me about how he and his son are enjoying collecting beach rocks and polishing them. Ron too found that in the Lot-O tumbler a half teaspoon of grit is sufficient, except for the first or roughing stage that does require more. He sent along a picture of some of the beauties they've found and polished.

Rob also recommended a forum for Rock Hobbyists that he has found especially helpful.

I've got some new agate pictures and a report on using tumbling pellets here. The agates in this batch were from a trip we took to the Keweenaw Peninsula and later on the beach at Muskallonge State Park.

arrow See more Agates and some advice on using tumbling pellets to tumble and polish agates.

The Continuing Quest for a Lake Superior Agate

From seeing Agates in the rough at the Agate Museum, reading Karen Brzys' excellent book on Finding Agates, and cruising lots of beaches I think I have a better idea of what one might look like in the rough and where to hunt for them. I also managed to hook my wife on the hobby so now we have two sets of eyes, feet, and hands digging around Lake Superior beaches. We'll also get out there early in the season while the pickin's are still fresh.

Books on Lake Superior Agate Hunting & Rock Picking

Many of the books we own ourselves or have reviewed them extensively in libraries or bookstores. They are offered through our association with as an Amazon Associate (our modest commission on sales is paid by Amazon, not you)


Understanding and Finding Agates
Lake Superior Rocks & Minerals: A Field Guide to the Lake Superior Area

Recommended by a SuperiorTrails friend & rock hound, this new guide has actual photographs of various rocks and minerals found on Lake Superior beaches. Co-author Bob Lynch is owner of Agate City Rocks and Gifts in Two Harbors Minnesota

Agate Hunting DVD
DVD: How to Find Agates

Karen Brzys. Director, Gitchee Gumee Agate & History Museum, has created this comprehensive tutorial to finding agates. Includes over 750 photographs and diagrams.

Lake Superior Rocks and Minerals

Lake Superior Rocks & Minerals Field Guide

This new edition by Dan and Bob Lynch will help you identify up to 75 rocks and minerals you might find washed up on Lake Superior beaches. Has full color photographs to aid in identification.

Lake Superior Rock Pickers GuideLake Superior Rock Picker's Guide

Here is another book recommended by a Superior Trails reader and rock hound who was able to identify over 50 rocks found on the beach using this guide by Kevin Gauthier and Bruce Mueller. Also included are tips for polishing the stones and rock. Kevin and Bruce also publish a similar guide for Lake Michigan rocks.

Agate Hunting on Lake Superior BeachesAgate Hunting Made Easy: How to Really Find Lake Superior Agates

My wife Jo found this agate hunters book while traveling in the UP and thought it would help her find her first Lake Superior Agate. It is full of tips for agate hunting (and rock picking) and has some very good color photographs of a number of agate variations as well as photos of the other kinds of rocks you'll find on Lake Superior beaches.


rock pickers guide to lake superiors north shoreRock Pickers Guide to
Lake Superior's North Shore

Sparky's guide covers what north shore beaches to comb, a bit of history on the formation of the various rocks found on beaches, and helpful information and pictures on identifying beach rocks and minerals.

Gift Ideas for your
favorite Rock Hound

Agate Shirt
Rock Collector &
Agate Hunter
T- Shirts

Agate IdentificationAgates of Lake Superior

See more recommendations on guides and books on Lake Superior Rocks, Minerals & Agates



Rock On Festival - Lake Superior Agates

Agate collections on saleWe were there at the 2021 13th Annual Rock On Agate Festival in Grand Marais, Michigan.

We had a great time at our first festival. My wife Jo found 5 agates on the beach and is now an addicted agate hound!.

Links for Rock Picking on Lake Superior Beachs and information on Agates and Rocks found around Lake Superior

- Minnesota's State Gem: The Lake Superior Agate

- Common Minnesota Rocks - Minnesota Geological Survey

- Bob's Rock Shop - Online 'Zine for Rock Hounds

- Rock Identification Key - By Don Peck on
(I just recently found this site. The key looks real neat and am looking forward to using it on my mystery rocks)

For a nice introduction to rock tumbling, see Cheralyn Maturi's Minnesota Iron Range Website

Marie Frazier, who lives in central Minnesota, has created a number of unique jewelry items from Lake Superior Agates and other gemstones. See her Lake Superior Agate Jewelry Website here.

About the Lake Superior Agate - Minnesota's State Gem


Continuing your Travel & Trekking
  Around Lake Superior
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See our Directory of our favorite Upper Peninsula Scenic and Recreation areas.Upper Peninsula Porcupine Mountains

Walking along Canal Park Drive Don't miss experiencing Duluth's Canal Park, Shopping and Entertainment District.

Enger Park Tower Duluth MN
Duluth's Enger Park Tower provides a panaramic view of the city of Duluth.

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See our reviews on Best Hiking and Camping Guides around Lake Superior.

Canal Park Brewery Beer Garden
Enjoying lake breezes and views at the Canal Park Brewery Beer Garden - Canal Park.

Best Burgers in Duluth
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Best Burgers & Pubs in Duluth, Minnesota.

Pride of Baltimore II Tall ShipTall Ships Duluth Festival - August 18 - 21

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Devils Island Lighthouse Apostle Islands
See the lighthouses on an Apostle Islands Cruise.

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Best Agate and Rock Picking Beaches around Lake Superior

Travel Information

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Lake Superior Circle Tour Road Map & Guide to Travel Attractions around Lake Superior.

How to recognize Lake Superior Agates and Beach Rocks.Lake Superior Agate?

Best Lake Superior Agate Beaches

saxon harbor beach

Understanding and Finding Agates
See Our Reviews of the best guides to Lake Superior Agates and Beach Rocks.


Agate collections on sale
At the Lake Superior Agate Festival

basalt with quartz band
Agate Imposters - Agate Wanna-bees

Grandpa Tony's madeline island and Most popular Madeline Island AttractionsSee our guide to interesting and fun things to see and do on Madeline Island.

rose garden plantings
See Duluth's Rose Garden at Leif Erickson Park.

Golf Courses Around Lake Superior
See our
Reviews of golf courses around Lake Superior.