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Fun Research Study on Myers-Briggs Personality Types

I am just concluding a study exploring the link between Personality Type and some forms of Outdoor Recreation pursuits (hiking, backpacking, canoeing, kayaking & other non-competitive life sports).


If you'd like to add your results to that study, just click the link below the set of 4 boxes that show your personality type.

Introduction to the Cognitive Style Inventory This modest self-scoring inventory is Not a substitute for taking an MBTI ®. It is simply an informal research instrument that attempts to approximate your MBTI personality type or psychological type.

If you have taken an MBTI before and remember your type, feel free to simply enter those type letters as your results. The Style Inventory will allow you to approximate what are your MBTI Type preferences. After determining your 4 Type letters, please click on the link for emailing me the results. You'll be asked a few demographic questions that are important for the study. After answering them, please click submit and your answers will automatically appear in an email message box ready for you to simply hit "send."

You can then return here and follow the links I've provided at the bottom of this page to learn more about Personality Type.

Cognitive Style Inventory©
Author: Ross Reinhold
revised 10/27/04
Link to Personality Type Test


Determining one's natural Myers-Briggs type or cognitive style is frequently complicated by our life-long learning experiences. The classic question is: " Am I this way because I learned it or is this just the way I am?" In reviewing the comparisons in our inventory, you may find yourself drawn equally to opposing choices. In such cases I suggest you try to think back to how you were before the age of 12 or even younger if you can recall. The rationale for this suggestion is the fact that by the time we are 3 years old, the core of our cognitive organization is well-fixed. . . although the brain continues to allow some plasticity until puberty.

After the onset of puberty, our adult learning begins to overlay our core personality - which is when the blending of nature and nurture becomes more evident. For some people, this "learning" serves to strengthen what is already there, but with others it produces multiple faces to personality. Discovering or rediscovering this innate core of yourself is part of the journey of using personality type to enrich your life.

Q1. Which is your most natural energy orientation?

Every person has two faces. One is directed towards the OUTER world of activities, excitements, people, and things. The other is directed inward to the INNER world of thoughts, interests, ideas, and imagination. While these are two different but complementary sides of our nature, most people have an innate preference towards energy from the either the OUTER or INNER worlds. Thus one of their faces, either the Extraverted (E) or Introverted (I), takes the lead in their personality development and plays a more dominant role in their behavior.
Extraverted Characteristics
  •   Act first, think/reflect later
  •   Feel deprived when cutoff from interaction with the outside world
  •   Usually open to and motivated by outside world of people and things
  •   Enjoy wide variety and change in people relationships
Introverted Characteristics
  •   Think/reflect first, then Act
  •   Regularly require an amount of "private time" to recharge batteries
  •   Motivated internally, mind is sometimes so active it is "closed" to outside world
  •   Prefer one-to-one communication and relationships
Choose which best fits: Extraversion (E) Introversion (I)
Q2. Which way of Perceiving or understanding is most "automatic" or natural?

The Sensing (S) side of our brain notices the sights, sounds, smells and all the sensory details of the PRESENT. It categorizes, organizes, records and stores the specifics from the here and now. It is REALITY based.

The Intuitive (N) side of our brain seeks to understand, interpret and form OVERALL patterns of all the information that is collected and records these patterns and relationships. It speculates on POSSIBILITIES, including looking into and forecasting the FUTURE. It is imaginative and conceptual.

While both kinds of perceiving are necessary and used by all people, each of us instinctively tends to favor one over the other.

 Sensing Characteristics
  •   Mentally live in the Now, attending to present opportunities
  •   Using common sense and creating practical solutions is automatic-instinctual.
  •   Memory recall is rich in detail of facts and past events
  •   Best improvise from past experience
  •   Like clear and concrete information; dislike guessing when facts are "fuzzy"
Intuitive Characteristics
  •   Mentally live in the Future, attending to future possibilities
  •   Using imagination and creating/inventing new possibilities is automatic-instinctual.
  •   Memory recall emphasizes patterns, contexts, and connections
  •   Best improvise from theoretical understanding
  •   Comfortable with ambiguous, fuzzy data and with guessing its meaning.
Choose which best fits: Sensing (S) iNtuition (N)

Q3. Which way of forming Judgments and making choices is most natural?

The Thinking (T) side of our brain analyzes information in a DETACHED, objective fashion. It operates from factual principles, deduces and forms conclusions systematically. It is our logical nature.

The Feeling (F) side of our brain forms conclusions in an ATTACHED and somewhat global manner, based on likes/dislikes, impact on others, and human and aesthetic values. It is our subjective nature.

While everyone uses both means of forming conclusions, each person has a natural bias towards one over the other so that when they give us conflicting directions - one side is the natural trump card or tiebreaker.

 Thinking Characteristics
  •   Instinctively search for facts and logic in a decision situation
  •   Naturally notices tasks and work to be accomplished
  •   Easily able to provide an objective and critical analysis
  •   Accept conflict as a natural, normal part of relationships with people.
Feeling Characteristics
  •   Instinctively employ personal feelings and impact on people in decision situations
  •   Naturally sensitive to people needs and reactions
  •   Naturally seek consensus and popular opinions
  •   Unsettled by conflict; have almost a toxic reaction to disharmony.
Choose which best fits: Thinking (T) Feeling (F)

Q4. What is your action orientation towards the outside world?

All people use both judging (thinking and feeling) and perceiving (sensing and intuition) processes to store information, organize our thoughts, make decisions, take actions and manage our lives. Yet one of these processes (Judging or Perceiving) tends to take the lead in our relationship with the outside world while the other governs our inner world.

A Judging (J) style approaches the outside world WITH A PLAN and is oriented towards organizing one's surroundings, being prepared, making decisions and reaching closure and completion. A Perceiving (P) style takes the outside world AS IT COMES and is adopting and adapting, flexible, open-ended and receptive to new opportunities and changing game plans.

 Judging Characteristics
  •   Plan many of the details in advance before moving into action.
  •   Focus on task-related action; complete meaningful segments before moving on.
  •   Work best and avoid stress when keep ahead of deadlines.
  •   Naturally use targets, dates and standard routines to manage life.
Perceiving Characteristics
  •   Comfortable moving into action without a plan; plan on-the-go.
  •   Like to multitask, have variety, mix work and play.
  •   Naturally tolerant of time pressure; work best close to the deadlines.
  •   Instinctively avoid commitments which interfere with flexibility, freedom and variety
Choose which best fits: Judging (J) Perceiving (P)

Your 4 Personality Type Letters


Please Click Here to Enter Your Results in our Research DataBase


Links for More Information on Personality Type:

An introduction to the Myers-Briggs Model of Personality Type

Your Best Fit Type? Characteristics of the 16 Personality Types


An Interim Report on the Outdoor Personality Type Study - Part 1

An Interim Report on the Outdoor Personality Type Study - Part 2

Questions & Comments - email

® MBTI, Myers-Briggs, and Myers-Briggs Type Indicator are registered trademarks or trademarks of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator Trust in the United States and other countries

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